Talking About Disaster: A Guide for Standard Messages
Table of Contents
Introduction and Purpose
What Is in This Guide
Using This Guide
Hazard Messages
Chemical Emergencies
Fires, Residential
Fires, Wildland
Floods and Flash Floods
Hazardous Materials Incidents
Heat (Heat Wave)
Hurricanes and Tropical Storms
Nuclear Power Plant Incidents
Thunderstorms, Severe
Winter Storms
Special Populations Messages
Talking to Children About Disasters
Preparedness Action Messages
Family Disaster Plan
Disaster Supplies Kit
Emergency Supplies for your Vehicle
First Aid Kit Contents
First Aid Kit for Pets
Stocking and Storing Food and Water
Smoke Alarms
Carbon Monoxide Alarms
Fire Extinguishers
Arc-Fault Circuit Interrupters (AFCIs)
Home Fire Sprinkler Systems
Portable Generators
Evacuation, Sheltering, and Post-Disaster Safety Messages
Evacuation, Sheltering, and Post-Disaster Safety
What to do if Evacuation is Necessary Because of a Storm
What to do When There is Flooding
“Wind Safe” Room
How to Shelter-in-Place (Chemical Incidents)
Factors for Protection from Radioactive Fallout
Food and Water Safety During/Post Disaster
Emergency Sanitation
How to Recognize and Treat Heat Emergencies
Frostbite and Hypothermia
First Aid Kit Contents

Assemble a first aid kit to include in your Disaster Supplies Kit and one for each vehicle.

Additional items may be added to personalize or customize this kit.
Family First Aid Kit Content Suggested Use

Family First Aid Kit Content Suggested Use

Absorbent Compress 5x9 dressing

Cover and protect open wounds

Adhesive Bandages (Assorted Sizes)

Cover and protect open wounds

Adhesive Tape (cloth) 1”

To secure bandages or splints

Antibiotic Ointment packets (approx 1 g)


Antiseptic wipe Packets

Wound cleaning/germ killer

Aspirin (Chewable) 81 mg

For symptoms of a heart attack**

Blanket (Space Blanket)

Maintain body temperature for shock

CPR Breathing Barrier (w/one-way valve)

Protection during rescue breathing or CPR

Instant Cold Compress

To control swelling

Gloves (large), disposable, non-latex

Prevent body fluid contact

Hydrocortisone Ointment Packets (approx 1 g)

External rash treatment


Cut tape, cloth,or bandages

Roller Bandage 3” (individually wrapped)

Secure wound dressing in place

Roller Bandage 4” (individually wrapped)

Secure wound dressing in place

Sterile Gauze Pad 3x3

To control external bleeding

Sterile Gauze Pad 4x4

To control external bleeding

Thermometer, Oral (Non-Mercury/Non-Glass)

Take temperature orally

Triangular Bandage

Sling or binder/splinting


Remove splinters or ticks

First Aid Instruction booklet

Self explanatory

*ACFAS is the American National Red Cross Advisory Council on First Aid and Safety

Note: Remember to include prescription drugs in a Disaster Supplies Kit. Because the storage requirements of prescription drugs vary, some may have to be added to the kit at the last minute. You may want to pin or tape a note to the outside of your kit container reminding you to take along prescription drugs if you have to evacuate.

Initial development of this guide was made possible by a grant from the Home Safety Council, a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization dedicated to helping prevent the nearly 21 million medical visits
that occur on average each year from unintentional injuries in the home. Through national programs and partners across America, the Home Safety Council works to educate and empower families to take actions that help keep them safe in and around their homes. This guide is the product of the hard work and collaboration of many professionals affiliated with the organizations partnering with the American Red Cross, which represents the expertise and commitment of the following organizations:

American Geological InstituteDisability Preparedness CenterHome Safety CouncilThe Humane Society of the United StatesInstitute for Business & Home SafetyInternational Association of Emergency ManagersNational Fire Protection AssociationNational Interagency Fire CouncilNational SafeKids CampaignNational Science FoundationU.S. Consumer Product Safety CommissionU.S. Department of Agriculture -Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service -Extension Disaster Education Network -Food Safety and Inspection ServiceU.S. Department of Commerce - NOAA/National Weather ServiceU.S. Department of Health and Human Services - Centers for Disease Control and Prevention - Food and Drug AdministrationU.S. Department of Homeland Security -Federal Emergency Management Agency -U.S. Fire AdministrationU.S. Department of Interior - U.S. Geological Survey
From: Talking About Disaster: Guide for Standard Messages. Washington, D.C., 2007.

Html Copyright The Disaster Center 2012

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